How to pass objects into an attribute constructor


C# Problem Overview

I am attempting to pass objects into an Attributes constructor as follows:

[PropertyValidation(new NullOrEmptyValidatorScheme())]
public string Name { get; private set; }

With this attribute constructor:

 public PropertyValidationAttribute(IValidatorScheme validator) {
      this._ValidatorScheme = validator;

The code won't compile. How can I pass an object into an attribute as above?

EDIT: Yes NullOrEmptyValidatorScheme implements IValidatorScheme.

The error: error CS0182: An attribute argument must be a constant expression, typeof expression or array creation expression of an attribute parameter type.

C# Solutions

Solution 1 - C#

The values into attributes are limited to simple types; for example, basic constants (including strings) and typeof... you can't use new or other more complex code. In short; you can't do this. You can give it the type though:


i.e. the PropertyValidation ctor takes a Type, and use Activator.CreateInstance inside the code to create the object. Note that you should ideally just store the string internally (AssemblyQualifiedName).

From ECMA 334v4:

> §24.1.3 Attribute parameter types > > The types of positional and named > parameters for an attribute class are > limited to the attribute parameter > types, which are: > > - One of the following types: bool, byte, char, > double, float, int, long, short, string. > - The type object. > - The type System.Type. > - An enum type, provided it has public accessibility and the > types in which it is nested (if any) > also have public accessibility. > - Single-dimensional arrays of the above > types.


> §24.2 Attribute specification > > ... > > An expression E is an > attribute-argument-expression if all > of the following statements are true: > > - The type of E is an attribute > parameter type (§24.1.3). > - At compile-time, the value of E can be > resolved to one of the following: > - A constant value. > - A typeof-expression (§14.5.11) specifying a non-generic > type, a closed constructed type > (§25.5.2), or an unbound generic type > (§25.5). > - A one-dimensional array of > attribute-argument-expressions.

Solution 2 - C#

As previous posters noted, the types use in attribute arguments are quite severely restricted (understandably, because their values need to be serialized directly into the assembly metadata blob).

That said, you can probably create a solution that utilizes typeofs, as those can be used.

For instance :

public string Name { get; private set; }

This syntax is perfectly legal. The code that reads your attributes you have to get the validator type, create a new instance of the validator (it can even maintain a cache of validators keyed on valicator types, if appropriate - this is a fairly common technique), and then invoke it.

Solution 3 - C#

Also... (I think it is a Microsoft Bug)

You can't put a default value to "null" but default simple default value are ok ('false', '7', '"Test").

NExt example will give you the following error: An attribute argument must be a constant expression, typeof expression or array creation expression of an attribute parameter type in file: ... \CSC

public class SampleAttribute : Attribute
    private string _test;
    public SampleAttribute(string test = null)
        _test = test;

public class Toto



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Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestiontheringostarrsView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - C#Marc GravellView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - C#Oleg LvovitchView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - C#Eric OuelletView Answer on Stackoverflow