pandoc version 1.12.3 or higher is required and was not found (R shiny)

PandocR MarkdownShiny Server

Pandoc Problem Overview

I have a problem generating a pdf report from my app shiny which is hosted on a server.

the app works fine but when I press the button to download the report, I get this error :

 pandoc version 1.12.3 or higher is required and was not found.

The proble is that if I type pandoc -v I get:

 Compiled with texmath 0.6.6, highlighting-kate
Syntax highlighting is supported for the following languages:
    actionscript, ada, apache, asn1, asp, awk, bash, bibtex, boo, c, changelog,
    clojure, cmake, coffee, coldfusion, commonlisp, cpp, cs, css, curry, d,
    diff, djangotemplate, doxygen, doxygenlua, dtd, eiffel, email, erlang,
    fortran, fsharp, gnuassembler, go, haskell, haxe, html, ini, java, javadoc,
    javascript, json, jsp, julia, latex, lex, literatecurry, literatehaskell,
    lua, makefile, mandoc, markdown, matlab, maxima, metafont, mips, modelines,
    modula2, modula3, monobasic, nasm, noweb, objectivec, objectivecpp, ocaml,
    octave, pascal, perl, php, pike, postscript, prolog, python, r,
    relaxngcompact, restructuredtext, rhtml, roff, ruby, rust, scala, scheme,
    sci, sed, sgml, sql, sqlmysql, sqlpostgresql, tcl, texinfo, verilog, vhdl,
    xml, xorg, xslt, xul, yacc, yaml
 Default user data directory: /home/daniele/.pandoc
 Copyright (C) 2006-2013 John MacFarlane
 This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is no
 warranty, not even for merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

So I suppose I have the right version for that. TexLive is also installed and the path is in $PATH.



shinyServer(function(input, output,session) { 

 output$downloadReport <- downloadHandler(
filename = function() {
  paste('report', sep = '.','pdf')

content = function(file) {
  src <- normalizePath('report.Rmd')
  # temporarily switch to the temp dir, in case you do not have write
  # permission to the current working directory
  owd <- setwd(tempdir())
  file.copy(src, 'report.Rmd')
  out <- render('report.Rmd')
  file.rename(out, file)

output$tb <- renderUI({
            "Dowload a the report of your analysis in a pdf format",
            tags$br(),downloadButton('downloadReport',label="Download report"),
            tags$em("This option will be available soon")

*** report.Rmd*** does not contain any sort of calculation, it's only text. The pdf generation works fine on my local version (MacOS) but not on the server.

I'm here to give other information if needed.

Pandoc Solutions

Solution 1 - Pandoc

Go into RStudio and find the system environment variable for RSTUDIO_PANDOC


Then put that in your R script prior to calling the render command.

Sys.setenv(RSTUDIO_PANDOC="--- insert directory here ---")

This worked for me after I'd been struggling to find how rmarkdown finds pandoc. I had to check github to look at the source.

Solution 2 - Pandoc

Another option so that this works for all your R scripts is to define this variable globally.

On Debian/Ubuntu, add the following line to your .bashrc file:

export RSTUDIO_PANDOC=/usr/lib/rstudio/bin/pandoc

On macOS, add the following to your .bash_profile file:

export RSTUDIO_PANDOC=/Applications/

On Windows (using Git Bash), add the following to your .bashrc file:

export RSTUDIO_PANDOC="/c/Program Files/RStudio/bin/pandoc/"

Solution 3 - Pandoc

The easiest way I solved this issue is to pass the Sys.setenv(..) command inside the crontab command prior to calling the RMarkdown::render. You need to separate the two commands with a semicolon:

R -e "Sys.setenv(RSTUDIO_PANDOC='/usr/lib/rstudio-server/bin/pandoc'); rmarkdown::render('File.Rmd', output_file='output.html')"

(Remember that the rstudio-server path differs from the non-server version)

Solution 4 - Pandoc

For those not using RStudio, you may just need to install pandoc on your system. For me it was

sudo pacman -S pandoc

and it worked (Arch Linux).

Solution 5 - Pandoc

I'm using Arch Linux, and RStudio as well.. the only thing that worked for me was:

sudo pacman -S pandoc


Solution 6 - Pandoc

If anyone is having this issue and also use anaconda, its possible they were having my issue. The rstudio shell does not load the .bashrc file when it starts up meaning if your version of pandoc is installed within anaconda Rstudio will not find it. Installing pandoc separately with a command like sudo pacman -S pandoc worked for me!

Solution 7 - Pandoc

I had a similar problem with pandoc on Debian 10 while building a bookdown document. In the Makefile what I did was:

# use rstudio pandoc
# this rule sets the PANDOC environment variable from the shell
	export RSTUDIO_PANDOC="/usr/lib/rstudio/bin/pandoc";\
	Rscript -e 'bookdown::render_book("index.Rmd", "bookdown::gitbook")'

# use rstudio pandoc
# this rule sets the environment variable from R using multilines
	Rscript -e "\
	bookdown::render_book('index.Rmd', 'bookdown::gitbook')"

These two rules are equivalent and knit the book successfully.

I just didn't like the long Rscript command:

Rscript -e "Sys.setenv(RSTUDIO_PANDOC='/usr/lib/rstudio/bin/pandoc'); bookdown::render_book('index.Rmd', 'bookdown::gitbook')"

Solution 8 - Pandoc

Hey I just beat this error. I solved this by deleting the 2 pandoc files, "pandoc" and "pandoc-citeproc" from the shiny-server folder. I then created a link for each of these files from the rstudio-server folder. It worked like a charm. This was an issue for me when I was trying to embed leaflet in the rmarkdown documents from running a shiny-server on a linux machine. I found it odd that when I ran it in rstudio on the same linux machine it worked fine, but not when I ran it using shiny-server. So the shiny-server install of pandoc is old/outdated. Cheers

Solution 9 - Pandoc

If you are trying to run a script from the command line on Windows you just need to have the directory path in the PATH variable*. You can also create a separate User variable named RSTUDIO_PANDOC and give this variable the directory*. Then close and reopen any terminals to refresh the system paths.**

*Experiment with a trailing / if you are having issues. **I was unable to point to a UNC path. The // at the beginning of the path hosed the rmarkdown package pandoc functions. If you are using a UNC path, you must map it to a drive and reference the drive letter. There are ways to do this dynamically. I use a DOS/batch script which I found via Google.

Solution 10 - Pandoc

I was facing a similar issue in IntelliJ R plugin. I solved it by copying the pandoc file in ~/.IntelliJIdea2019.3/config/plugins/rplugin/pandoc

Solution 11 - Pandoc

On Windows, and without RStudio, you can install pandoc with choco install pandoc or via the pandoc website,

Make sure to restart your IDE to ensure it picks up the new install.


All content for this solution is sourced from the original question on Stackoverflow.

The content on this page is licensed under the Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) license.

Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionDaniele AvanciniView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - PandocChrisView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - PandocJohn BlischakView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - PandocThomas GoernerView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - PandochaffView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 5 - PandocSebastián Cortés GutiérrezView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 6 - PandocRowan CallahanView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 7 - Pandocf0nzieView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 8 - PandocDTakacsView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 9 - PandocDonkeyKongView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 10 - PandocSanjay JarasView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 11 - PandocCtrl-ZedView Answer on Stackoverflow