no new variables on left side of :=

VariablesGoColon Equals

Variables Problem Overview

What's happening here?

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
	myArray  :=[...]int{12,14,26}  ;     
	myArray  :=[...]int{11,12,14} //error pointing on this line 
	fmt.Println(myArray) ;


It throws an error that says

no new variables on left side of :=

What I was doing was re-assigning values to an already declared variable.

Variables Solutions

Solution 1 - Variables

Remove the colon : from the second statement as you are assigning a new value to existing variable.

myArray = [...]int{11,12,14}

colon : is used when you perform the short declaration and assignment for the first time as you are doing in your first statement i.e. myArray :=[...]int{12,14,26}.

Solution 2 - Variables

There are two types of assignment operators in go := and =. They are semantically equivalent (with respect to assignment) but the first one is also a "short variable declaration" ( ) which means that in the left we need to have at least a new variable declaration for it to be correct.

You can change the second to a simple assignment statement := -> = or you can use a new variable if that's ok with your algorithm.

Solution 3 - Variables

As a side note, redeclaration can only appear in a multi-variable short declaration

Quoting from the Language specification:

> Unlike regular variable declarations, a short variable declaration may > redeclare variables provided they were originally declared earlier in > the same block with the same type, and at least one of the non-blank > variables is new. As a consequence, redeclaration can only appear in a > multi-variable short declaration. Redeclaration does not introduce a > new variable; it just assigns a new value to the original.

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
	a, b := 1, 2
	c, b := 3, 4

	fmt.Println(a, b, c)

Here is a very good example about redeclaration of variables in golang:

Solution 4 - Variables

myArray  :=[...]int{12,14,26}

As stated by the previous commenters, := is a type of short-hand and/or the short-form of variable declaration.

So in the statment above you are doing two things.

  1. You are declaring your variable to be myArray.
  2. You are assigning an array of integers to the myArray variable.

The second part of your code fails, because what you are doing here:

myArray  :=[...]int{11,12,14} //error pointing on this line 

Is RE-declaring the existing variable myArray, which already contains integer values.

This works:

myArray = [...]int{11,12,14} // NO error will be produced by this line

Because, it is assigning the integer array to the existing ( pre-declared / initialized ) variable.


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Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionRunesView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - VariablesYogendra SinghView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - VariablesMihai ToaderView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - VariablesSantosh PillaiView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - VariablesRobEdouardView Answer on Stackoverflow