Java thread affinity


Java Problem Overview

Does anybody know of a way to lock down individual threads within a Java process to specific CPU cores (on Linux)? I've done this in C, but can't find how to do this in Java. My instincts are that this will require a JNI call, but I was hoping someone here might have some insight or might have done it before.


Java Solutions

Solution 1 - Java

You can't do this in pure java. But if you really need it -- you can use JNI to call native code which do the job. This is the place to start with:

UPD: After some thinking, I've decided to create my own class for this: It's JNA-based, and very simple -- so, if you want to use it in production, may be you should spent some time making it more stable, but for benchmarking and testing it works well as is.

UPD 2: There is another library for working with thread affinity in java. It uses same method as previously noted, but has another interface

Solution 2 - Java

I know it's been a while, but if anyone comes across this thread, here's how I solved this problem. I wrote a script that would do the following:

  1. "jstack -l "
  2. Take the results, find the "nid"'s of the threads I want to manually lock down to cores.
  3. Taskset those threads.

Solution 3 - Java

Solution 4 - Java

IMO, this will not be possible unless you use native calls. JVM is supposed to be platform independent, any system calls done to achieve this will not result in a portable code.

Solution 5 - Java

It's not possible (at least with plain Java).

You can use thread pools to limit the amount of threads (and therefore cores) used for different types of work, but there is no way to specify a core to use.

There is even the (small) possibility that your Java runtime doesn't support native threading for your OS or hardware. In this case, green threads are used and only one core will be used for the whole JVM.


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QuestionDaveView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - JavaBegemoTView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - JavaDaveView Answer on Stackoverflow
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Solution 5 - JavaHardcodedView Answer on Stackoverflow