How to concatenate two strings in C++?


C++ Problem Overview

I have a private class variable char name[10] to which I would like to add the .txt extension so that I can open the file present in the directory.

How do I go about this?

It would be preferable to create a new string variable that holds the concatenated string.

C++ Solutions

Solution 1 - C++

First of all, don't use char* or char[N]. Use std::string, then everything else becomes so easy!


std::string s = "Hello";
std::string greet = s + " World"; //concatenation easy!

Easy, isn't it?

Now if you need char const * for some reason, such as when you want to pass to some function, then you can do this:

some_c_api(s.c_str(), s.size()); 

assuming this function is declared as:

some_c_api(char const *input, size_t length);

Explore std::string yourself starting from here:

Hope that helps.

Solution 2 - C++

Since it's C++ why not to use std::string instead of char*? Concatenation will be trivial:

std::string str = "abc";
str += "another";

Solution 3 - C++

If you were programming in C, then assuming name really is a fixed-length array like you say, you have to do something like the following:

char filename[sizeof(name) + 4];
strcpy (filename, name) ;
strcat (filename, ".txt") ;
FILE* fp = fopen (filename,...

You see now why everybody recommends std::string?

Solution 4 - C++

There is a strcat() function from the ported C library that will do "C style string" concatenation for you.

BTW even though C++ has a bunch of functions to deal with C-style strings, it could be beneficial for you do try and come up with your own function that does that, something like:

char * con(const char * first, const char * second) {
    int l1 = 0, l2 = 0;
    const char * f = first, * l = second;

    // step 1 - find lengths (you can also use strlen)
    while (*f++) ++l1;
    while (*l++) ++l2;

    char *result = new char[l1 + l2];

    // then concatenate
    for (int i = 0; i < l1; i++) result[i] = first[i];
    for (int i = l1; i < l1 + l2; i++) result[i] = second[i - l1];

    // finally, "cap" result with terminating null char
    result[l1+l2] = '\0';
    return result;

...and then...

char s1[] = "file_name";
char *c = con(s1, ".txt");

... the result of which is file_name.txt.

You might also be tempted to write your own operator + however IIRC operator overloads with only pointers as arguments is not allowed.

Also, don't forget the result in this case is dynamically allocated, so you might want to call delete on it to avoid memory leaks, or you could modify the function to use stack allocated character array, provided of course it has sufficient length.

Solution 5 - C++


std::string great = "Hello"s + " World"; // concatenation easy!

Answer on the question:

auto fname = ""s + name + ".txt";

Solution 6 - C++

strcat(destination,source) can be used to concatenate two strings in c++.

To have a deep understanding you can lookup in the following link-

Solution 7 - C++

It is better to use C++ string class instead of old style C string, life would be much easier.

if you have existing old style string, you can covert to string class

    char greeting[6] = {'H', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', '\0'};
    cout<<greeting + "and there \n"; //will not compile because concat does \n not work on old C style string
    string trueString = string (greeting);
    cout << trueString + "and there \n"; // compiles fine
    cout << trueString + 'c'; // this will be fine too. if one of the operand if C++ string, this will work too

Solution 8 - C++

//String appending
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

void stringconcat(char *str1, char *str2){
    while (*str1 != '\0'){

    while(*str2 != '\0'){
	    *str1 = *str2;

int main() {
    char str1[100];
    cin.getline(str1, 100);	 
    char str2[100];
    cin.getline(str2, 100);

    stringconcat(str1, str2);

    return 0;


All content for this solution is sourced from the original question on Stackoverflow.

The content on this page is licensed under the Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) license.

Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionSlashrView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - C++NawazView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - C++nogardView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - C++TonyKView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - C++dtechView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 5 - C++273KView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 6 - C++Madhurya GandiView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 7 - C++i.AsifNoorView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 8 - C++KartikView Answer on Stackoverflow