How to access attributes using Nokogiri


Ruby Problem Overview

I have a simple task of accessing the values of some attributes. This is a simple script that uses Nokogiri::XML::Builder to create a simple XML doc.

require 'nokogiri'

builder = => 'UTF-8') do |xml|
  xml.Placement(:messageId => "392847-039820-938777", :system => "MOD", :version => "2.0") {
    xml.objects {
        xml.object(:myattribute => "99", :anotherattrib => "333")
        xml.nextobject_ '9387toot'
        xml.Entertainment "Last Man Standing"

puts builder.to_xml
puts builder.root.attributes["messageId"]

The results are:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Placement messageId="392847-039820-938777" version="2.0" system="MOD">
    <object anotherattrib="333" myattribute="99"/>
    <Entertainment>Last Man Standing</Entertainment>
C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/nokogiri-1.4.2-x86-mingw32/lib/nokogiri/xml/document.rb:178:in `add_child': Document already has a root node (RuntimeError)
	from C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/nokogiri-1.4.2-x86-mingw32/lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb:455:in `parent='
	from C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/nokogiri-1.4.2-x86-mingw32/lib/nokogiri/xml/builder.rb:358:in `insert'
	from C:/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems/1.8/gems/nokogiri-1.4.2-x86-mingw32/lib/nokogiri/xml/builder.rb:350:in `method_missing'
	from C:/Documents and Settings/etrojan/workspace/Lads/tryXPATH2.rb:15

The XML that is generated looks fine. However, my attempts to access attributes cause an error to be generated:

Document already has a root node

I don't understand why puts would cause this error.

Ruby Solutions

Solution 1 - Ruby

Using Nokogiri::XML::Reader works for your example, but probably isn't the full answer you are looking for (Note that there is no attributes method for Builder).

reader = Nokogiri::XML::Reader(builder.to_xml) #Moves to next node in document

Note that if you issued again and then tried reader.attribute("messageId") the result will be nil since the current node will not have this attribute.

What you probably want to do is use Nokogiri::XML::Document if you want to search an XML document by attribute.

doc = Nokogiri::XML(builder.to_xml)
elems = doc.xpath("//*[@messageId]") #get all elements with an attribute of 'messageId'
elems[0].attr('messageId') #gets value of attribute of first elem 

Solution 2 - Ruby

Here is a slightly more succinct way to access attributes using Nokogiri (assuming you already have your xml stored in a variable called xml, as covered by @atomicules' answer):



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Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
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Solution 1 - RubyatomiculesView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - Rubyben.snapeView Answer on Stackoverflow