How do I rename a column in a database table using SQL?


Sql Problem Overview

If I wish to simply rename a column (not change its type or constraints, just its name) in an SQL database using SQL, how do I do that? Or is it not possible?

This is for any database claiming to support SQL, I'm simply looking for an SQL-specific query that will work regardless of actual database implementation.

Sql Solutions

Solution 1 - Sql

Specifically for SQL Server, use sp_rename

USE AdventureWorks;
EXEC sp_rename 'Sales.SalesTerritory.TerritoryID', 'TerrID', 'COLUMN';

Solution 2 - Sql

On PostgreSQL (and many other RDBMS), you can do it with regular ALTER TABLE statement:

=> SELECT * FROM Test1;
 id | foo | bar 
  2 |   1 |   2


=> SELECT * FROM Test1;
 id | baz | bar 
  2 |   1 |   2

Solution 3 - Sql

In MySQL, the syntax is ALTER TABLE ... CHANGE:

ALTER TABLE <table_name> CHANGE <column_name> <new_column_name> <data_type> ...

Note that you can't just rename and leave the type and constraints as is; you must retype the data type and constraints after the new name of the column.

Solution 4 - Sql

Unfortunately, for a database independent solution, you will need to know everything about the column. If it is used in other tables as a foreign key, they will need to be modified as well.

UPDATE MyTable SET MyNewColumn = MyOldColumn;
-- add all necessary triggers and constraints to the new column...
-- update all foreign key usages to point to the new column...

For the very simplest of cases (no constraints, triggers, indexes or keys), it will take the above 3 lines. For anything more complicated it can get very messy as you fill in the missing parts.

However, as mentioned above, there are simpler database specific methods if you know which database you need to modify ahead of time.

Solution 5 - Sql

I think this is the easiest way to change column name.


Solution 6 - Sql

In Informix, you can use:

RENAME COLUMN TableName.OldName TO NewName;

This was implemented before the SQL standard addressed the issue - if it is addressed in the SQL standard. My copy of the SQL 9075:2003 standard does not show it as being standard (amongst other things, RENAME is not one of the keywords). I don't know whether it is actually in SQL 9075:2008.

Solution 7 - Sql

In sql server you can use

exec sp_rename '<TableName.OldColumnName>','<NewColumnName>','COLUMN'


sp_rename '<TableName.OldColumnName>','<NewColumnName>','COLUMN'

Solution 8 - Sql

You can use the following command to rename the column of any table in SQL Server:

exec sp_rename 'TableName.OldColumnName', 'New colunmName'

Solution 9 - Sql

ALTER TABLE is standard SQL. But it's not completely implemented in many database systems.

Solution 10 - Sql

The standard would be ALTER TABLE, but that's not necessarily supported by every DBMS you're likely to encounter, so if you're looking for an all-encompassing syntax, you may be out of luck.

Solution 11 - Sql

Alternatively to SQL, you can do this in Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio, from the table Design Panel.

First Way

Slow double-click on the column. The column name will become an editable text box.

Second Way

> SqlManagement Studio>>DataBases>>tables>>specificTable>>Column > Folder>>Right Click on column>>Reman

Third Way


Solution 12 - Sql

To rename you have to change the column



*registration is Table Name

newRefereeName is a column name That I want to change to refereeName SO my SQL Query will be*

ALTER TABLE 'registration' CHANGE 'newRefereeName' 'refereeName' VARCHAR(100) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL;


All content for this solution is sourced from the original question on Stackoverflow.

The content on this page is licensed under the Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) license.

Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionMetroidFan2002View Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - SqlGalwegianView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - SqlbortzmeyerView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - Sqljaspher chloeView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - SqlShadow ManView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 5 - SqlKunal RelanView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 6 - SqlJonathan LefflerView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 7 - SqlBimzeeView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 8 - SqlPrabhat Kumar YadavView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 9 - SqlPaul TomblinView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 10 - SqlRobView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 11 - SqlSyed Uzair UddinView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 12 - SqlGulshan PrajapatiView Answer on Stackoverflow