Difference between git stash pop and git stash apply

GitGit Stash

Git Problem Overview

I've been using git stash pop for quite some time. I recently found out about the git stash apply command. When I tried it out, it seemed to work the same as git stash pop.

What is the difference between git stash pop and git stash apply?

Git Solutions

Solution 1 - Git

git stash pop throws away the (topmost, by default) stash after applying it, whereas git stash apply leaves it in the stash list for possible later reuse (or you can then git stash drop it).

This happens unless there are conflicts after git stash pop, in which case it will not remove the stash, leaving it to behave exactly like git stash apply.

Another way to look at it: git stash pop is git stash apply && git stash drop.

Solution 2 - Git

Got this helpful link that states the difference, as John Zwinck has stated and a drawback of git stash pop.

> For instance, say your stashed changes conflict with other changes that you’ve made since you first created the stash. Both pop and apply will helpfully trigger merge conflict resolution mode, allowing you to nicely resolve such conflicts… and neither will get rid of the stash, even though perhaps you’re expecting pop too. Since a lot of people expect stashes to just be a simple stack, this often leads to them popping the same stash accidentally later because they thought it was gone.

Link: http://codingkilledthecat.wordpress.com/2012/04/27/git-stash-pop-considered-harmful/

Solution 3 - Git

git stash pop applies the top stashed element and removes it from the stack. git stash apply does the same, but leaves it in the stash stack.

Solution 4 - Git

Seeing it in action might help you better understanding the difference.

Assuming we're working on master branch and have a file hello.txt that contains "Hello" string.

Let's modify the file and add " world" string to it. Now you want to move to a different branch to fix a minor bug you've just found, so you need to stash your changes:

git stash

You moved to the other branch, fixed the bug and now you're ready to continue working on your master branch, so you pop the changes:

git stash pop

Now if you try to review the stash content you'll get:

$ git stash show -p
No stash found.

However, if you use git stash apply instead, you'll get the stashed content but you'll also keep it:

$ git stash show -p
diff --git a/hello.txt b/hello.txt
index e965047..802992c 100644
--- a/hello.txt
+++ b/hello.txt
@@ -1 +1 @@
+Hello world

So pop is just like stack's pop - it actually removes the element once it's popped, while apply is more like peek.

Solution 5 - Git

Assuming there will be no errors thrown, and you want to work on the top stash item in the list of available stashes:

git stash pop = git stash apply + git stash drop

Solution 6 - Git

Quick Answer:

git stash pop -> remove from the stash list

git stash apply -> keep it in the stash list

Solution 7 - Git

In git stash is a storage area where current changed files can be moved.

stash area is useful when you want to pull some changes from git repository and detected some changes in some mutual files available in git repo.

git stash apply //apply the changes without removing stored files from stash area.

git stash pop  // apply the changes as well as remove stored files from stash area.

> Note :- git apply only apply the changes from stash area while git pop apply as well as remove change from stash area.

Solution 8 - Git

Git Stash Pop vs apply Working

If you want to apply your top stashed changes to current non-staged change and delete that stash as well, then you should go for git stash pop.

# apply the top stashed changes and delete it from git stash area.
git stash pop  

But if you are want to apply your top stashed changes to current non-staged change without deleting it, then you should go for git stash apply.

>Note : You can relate this case with Stack class pop() and peek() methods, where pop change the top by decrements (top = top-1) but peek() only able to get the top element.


All content for this solution is sourced from the original question on Stackoverflow.

The content on this page is licensed under the Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) license.

Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionSandeep Raju PrabhakarView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - GitJohn ZwinckView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - GitbriankipView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - GitjchapaView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - GitMarounView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 5 - GitGreesoView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 6 - GitEhsan MashhadiView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 7 - GitVikrant KashyapView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 8 - GitVikrant KashyapView Answer on Stackoverflow