Build 32bit on 64 bit Linux using an automake configure script?


Autotools Problem Overview

I'm using a 64bit system but want a set of 32bit binaries. What options must I pass to a configure script to generate a 32bit/x86 makefile?

Autotools Solutions

Solution 1 - Autotools

Passing the following argument to configure script allowed me to build the 32bit library on 64bit Linux

./configure --build=i686-pc-linux-gnu CFLAGS=-m32 CXXFLAGS=-m32 LDFLAGS=-m32

Solution 2 - Autotools

Jack's answer is incomplete.

You need compiler/libc support for 32-bit compilation. In some distros like Ubuntu, what you need to do is install packages gcc-multilib and/or g++-multilib:

sudo apt-get install gcc-multilib g++-multilib

Then you can call configure as you said, specifyiong a 32-bit host and passing 32-bit compilation flags:

./configure --host=i686-linux-gnu "CFLAGS=-m32" "CXXFLAGS=-m32" "LDFLAGS=-m32"

If you do not have multilib installed, you will get an error like configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables when passing the -m32 flag.

Solution 3 - Autotools

I had better success by setting a custom compiler instead. This way all the configure tests, even the ones using custom CFLAGS, worked correctly:

./configure CC="gcc -m32" CXX="g++ -m32"

You still need 32-bit versions of all the libraries the application uses of course, so any errors about missing libraries are referring to the 32-bit ones.

Solution 4 - Autotools

Assuming gcc/g++:

CPPFLAGS=-m32 ./configure ...

Solution 5 - Autotools

An alternative way to the things described above would be (if you have) to use a dedicated x86 compiler. The configure line would then be like this (I named the x86-tools after the pattern "<toolname>-x86"):

CC="/path/to/c/compiler/gcc-x86" CXX="path/to/cpp/compiler/g++-x86" LD="path/to/linker/ld-x86" ./configure


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Content TypeOriginal AuthorOriginal Content on Stackoverflow
QuestionJack NockView Question on Stackoverflow
Solution 1 - AutotoolsJack NockView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 2 - AutotoolsvolpatoView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 3 - AutotoolsMalvineousView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 4 - AutotoolsR Samuel KlatchkoView Answer on Stackoverflow
Solution 5 - AutotoolsHaringatView Answer on Stackoverflow