Append date to filename in linux


Linux Problem Overview

I want add the date next to a filename ("somefile.txt"). For example: somefile_25-11-2009.txt or somefile_25Nov2009.txt or anything to that effect

Maybe a script will do or some command in the terminal window. I'm using Linux(Ubuntu).

Thanks in advance.

oh i almost forgot to add that the script or command should update the filename to a new date everytime you want to save the file into a specific folder but still keeping the previous files. So there would be files like this in the folder eventually: filename_18Oct2009.txt , filename_9Nov2009.txt , filename_23Nov2009.txt

Linux Solutions

Solution 1 - Linux

You can use backticks.

$ echo myfilename-"`date +"%d-%m-%Y"`"



Solution 2 - Linux

There's two problems here.

1. Get the date as a string

This is pretty easy. Just use the date command with the + option. We can use backticks to capture the value in a variable.

$ DATE=`date +%d-%m-%y` 

You can change the date format by using different % options as detailed on the [date man page][1].

2. Split a file into name and extension.

This is a bit trickier. If we think they'll be only one . in the filename we can use cut with . as the delimiter.

$ NAME=`echo $FILE | cut -d. -f1
$ EXT=`echo $FILE | cut -d. -f2`

However, this won't work with multiple . in the file name. If we're using bash - which you probably are - we can use some [bash magic that allows us to match patterns when we do variable expansion][2]:

$ NAME=${FILE%.*}
$ EXT=${FILE#*.} 

Putting them together we get:

$ FILE=somefile.txt             
$ NAME=${FILE%.*}
$ EXT=${FILE#*.} 
$ DATE=`date +%d-%m-%y`         
$ echo $NEWFILE                 

And if we're less worried about readability we do all the work on one line (with a different date format):

$ FILE=somefile.txt  
$ FILE=${FILE%.*}_`date +%d%b%y`.${FILE#*.}
$ echo $FILE                                 

[1]: "date man page" [2]: "bash Manual"

Solution 3 - Linux

cp somefile somefile_`date +%d%b%Y`

Solution 4 - Linux

You can add date next to a filename invoking date command in subshell.

date command with required formatting options invoked the braces of $() or between the backticks (`…`) is executed in a subshell and the output is then placed in the original command.

The $(...) is more preferred since in can be nested. So you can use command substitution inside another substitution.

Solutions for requests in questions

$ echo somefile_$(date +%d-%m-%Y).txt

$ echo somefile_$(date +%d%b%Y).txt

The date command comes with many formatting options that allow you to customize the date output according to the requirement.

  • %D – Display date in the format mm/dd/yy (e.g. : 10/28/21)

  • %Y – Year (e.g. : 2021)

  • %m – Month (e.g. : 10)

  • %B – Month name in the full string format (e.g. : October)

  • %b – Month name in the shortened string format (e.g. : Oct)

  • %d – Day of month (e.g. : 28)

  • %j – Day of year (e.g. : 301)

  • %u – Day of the week (e.g. : 4)

  • %A – Weekday in full string format (e.g. : Thursday)

  • %a – Weekday in shortened format (e.g. : Thu)

Solution 5 - Linux

I use this script in bash:


now=$(date +"%b%d-%Y-%H%M%S")

cp -v $FILE $name-$now.$ext

This script copies filename.ext to filename-date.ext, there is another that moves filename.ext to filename-date.ext, you can download them from here. Hope you find them useful!!

Solution 6 - Linux

I use it in raspberry pi, and the first answer doesn't work for me, maybe because I typed wrong or something? I don't know. So I combined the above answers and came up with this:

now=$(date +'%Y-%m-%d')
geany "OptionalName-${now}.txt"

That if you want to use geany or anything else

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Solution 7 - Linux

a bit more convoluted solution that fully matches your spec

echo `expr $FILENAME : '\(.*\)\.[^.]*'`_`date +%d-%m-%y`.`expr $FILENAME : '.*\.\([^.]*\)'`

where first 'expr' extracts file name without extension, second 'expr' extracts extension


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